XmbTextPerCharExtents, XwcTextPerCharExtents, Xutf8TextPerCharExtents − obtain per-character information for a text string


Status XmbTextPerCharExtents(XFontSet font_set, char *string, int num_bytes, XRectangle *ink_array_return, XRectangle *logical_array_return, int array_size, int *num_chars_return, XRectangle *overall_ink_return, XRectangle *overall_logical_return);

Status XwcTextPerCharExtents(XFontSet font_set, wchar_t *string, int num_wchars, XRectangle *ink_array_return, XRectangle *logical_array_return, int array_size, int *num_chars_return, XRectangle *overall_ink_return, XRectangle *overall_logical_return);

Status Xutf8TextPerCharExtents(XFontSet font_set, char *string, int num_bytes, XRectangle *ink_array_return, XRectangle *logical_array_return, int array_size, int *num_chars_return, XRectangle *overall_ink_return, XRectangle *overall_logical_return);



Specifies the size of ink_array_return and logical_array_return. The caller must pass in arrays of this size.


Specifies the font set.


Returns the ink dimensions for each character.


Returns the logical dimensions for each character.


Specifies the number of bytes in the string argument.


Returns the number of characters in the string argument.


Specifies the number of characters in the string argument.


Returns the overall ink extents of the entire string.


Returns the overall logical extents of the entire string.


Specifies the character string.


The XmbTextPerCharExtents, XwcTextPerCharExtents and Xutf8TextPerCharExtents functions return the text dimensions of each character of the specified text, using the fonts loaded for the specified font set. Each successive element of ink_array_return and logical_array_return is set to the successive character’s drawn metrics, relative to the drawing origin of the string and one rectangle for each character in the supplied text string. The number of elements of ink_array_return and logical_array_return that have been set is returned to num_chars_return.

Each element of ink_array_return is set to the bounding box of the corresponding character’s drawn foreground color. Each element of logical_array_return is set to the bounding box that provides minimum spacing to other graphical features for the corresponding character. Other graphical features should not intersect any of the logical_array_return rectangles.

Note that an XRectangle represents the effective drawing dimensions of the character, regardless of the number of font glyphs that are used to draw the character or the direction in which the character is drawn. If multiple characters map to a single character glyph, the dimensions of all the XRectangles of those characters are the same.

When the XFontSet has missing charsets, metrics for each unavailable character are taken from the default string returned by XCreateFontSet so that the metrics represent the text as it will actually be drawn. The behavior for an invalid codepoint is undefined.

If the array_size is too small for the number of characters in the supplied text, the functions return zero and num_chars_return is set to the number of rectangles required. Otherwise, the functions return a nonzero value.

If the overall_ink_return or overall_logical_return argument is non-NULL, XmbTextPerCharExtents, XwcTextPerCharExtents and Xutf8TextPerCharExtents return the maximum extent of the string’s metrics to overall_ink_return or overall_logical_return, as returned by XmbTextExtents, XwcTextExtents or Xutf8TextExtents.

The function Xutf8TextPerCharExtents is an extension introduced by The XFree86 Project, Inc. in their 4.0.2 release. Its presence is indicated by the macro X_HAVE_UTF8_STRING.


XmbTextEscapement(3), XmbTextExtents(3) Xlib − C Language X Interface


Personal Opportunity - Free software gives you access to billions of dollars of software at no cost. Use this software for your business, personal use or to develop a profitable skill. Access to source code provides access to a level of capabilities/information that companies protect though copyrights. Open source is a core component of the Internet and it is available to you. Leverage the billions of dollars in resources and capabilities to build a career, establish a business or change the world. The potential is endless for those who understand the opportunity.

Business Opportunity - Goldman Sachs, IBM and countless large corporations are leveraging open source to reduce costs, develop products and increase their bottom lines. Learn what these companies know about open source and how open source can give you the advantage.

Free Software

Free Software provides computer programs and capabilities at no cost but more importantly, it provides the freedom to run, edit, contribute to, and share the software. The importance of free software is a matter of access, not price. Software at no cost is a benefit but ownership rights to the software and source code is far more significant.

Free Office Software - The Libre Office suite provides top desktop productivity tools for free. This includes, a word processor, spreadsheet, presentation engine, drawing and flowcharting, database and math applications. Libre Office is available for Linux or Windows.

Free Books

The Free Books Library is a collection of thousands of the most popular public domain books in an online readable format. The collection includes great classical literature and more recent works where the U.S. copyright has expired. These books are yours to read and use without restrictions.

Source Code - Want to change a program or know how it works? Open Source provides the source code for its programs so that anyone can use, modify or learn how to write those programs themselves. Visit the GNU source code repositories to download the source.


Study at Harvard, Stanford or MIT - Open edX provides free online courses from Harvard, MIT, Columbia, UC Berkeley and other top Universities. Hundreds of courses for almost all major subjects and course levels. Open edx also offers some paid courses and selected certifications.

Linux Manual Pages - A man or manual page is a form of software documentation found on Linux/Unix operating systems. Topics covered include computer programs (including library and system calls), formal standards and conventions, and even abstract concepts.