cp - copy files and directories


   cp [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST


   Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

   Mandatory  arguments  to  long  options are mandatory for short options

   -a, --archive
          same as -dR --preserve=all

          don't copy the file data, just the attributes

          make a backup of each existing destination file

   -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

          copy contents of special files when recursive

   -d     same as --no-dereference --preserve=links

   -f, --force
          if an existing destination file cannot be opened, remove it  and
          try  again  (this  option  is ignored when the -n option is also

   -i, --interactive
          prompt before overwrite (overrides a previous -n option)

   -H     follow command-line symbolic links in SOURCE

   -l, --link
          hard link files instead of copying

   -L, --dereference
          always follow symbolic links in SOURCE

   -n, --no-clobber
          do not overwrite an  existing  file  (overrides  a  previous  -i

   -P, --no-dereference
          never follow symbolic links in SOURCE

   -p     same as --preserve=mode,ownership,timestamps

          preserve       the      specified      attributes      (default:
          mode,ownership,timestamps), if possible  additional  attributes:
          context, links, xattr, all

          don't preserve the specified attributes

          use full source file name under DIRECTORY

   -R, -r, --recursive
          copy directories recursively

          control clone/CoW copies. See below

          remove  each existing destination file before attempting to open
          it (contrast with --force)

          control creation of sparse files. See below

          remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE argument

   -s, --symbolic-link
          make symbolic links instead of copying

   -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
          override the usual backup suffix

   -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
          copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY

   -T, --no-target-directory
          treat DEST as a normal file

   -u, --update
          copy only when the SOURCE file is  newer  than  the  destination
          file or when the destination file is missing

   -v, --verbose
          explain what is being done

   -x, --one-file-system
          stay on this file system

   -Z     set SELinux security context of destination file to default type

          like  -Z,  or  if CTX is specified then set the SELinux or SMACK
          security context to CTX

   --help display this help and exit

          output version information and exit

   By default, sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude  heuristic  and
   the  corresponding  DEST  file  is  made  sparse  as well.  That is the
   behavior selected by --sparse=auto.  Specify --sparse=always to  create
   a  sparse  DEST  file  whenever  the SOURCE file contains a long enough
   sequence of zero bytes.  Use  --sparse=never  to  inhibit  creation  of
   sparse files.

   When --reflink[=always] is specified, perform a lightweight copy, where
   the data blocks are copied only when modified.  If this is not possible
   the  copy  fails,  or  if  --reflink=auto  is specified, fall back to a
   standard copy.

   The   backup   suffix   is   '~',   unless   set   with   --suffix   or
   SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.   The  version control method may be selected via
   the  --backup  option  or  through  the   VERSION_CONTROL   environment
   variable.  Here are the values:

   none, off
          never make backups (even if --backup is given)

   numbered, t
          make numbered backups

   existing, nil
          numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

   simple, never
          always make simple backups

   As  a  special  case,  cp  makes  a backup of SOURCE when the force and
   backup options are given and SOURCE and DEST are the same name  for  an
   existing, regular file.


   Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.


   GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
   Report cp translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>


   Copyright    2016  Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
   GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
   This is free software: you are free  to  change  and  redistribute  it.
   There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.


   Full documentation at: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/cp>
   or available locally via: info '(coreutils) cp invocation'


Personal Opportunity - Free software gives you access to billions of dollars of software at no cost. Use this software for your business, personal use or to develop a profitable skill. Access to source code provides access to a level of capabilities/information that companies protect though copyrights. Open source is a core component of the Internet and it is available to you. Leverage the billions of dollars in resources and capabilities to build a career, establish a business or change the world. The potential is endless for those who understand the opportunity.

Business Opportunity - Goldman Sachs, IBM and countless large corporations are leveraging open source to reduce costs, develop products and increase their bottom lines. Learn what these companies know about open source and how open source can give you the advantage.

Free Software

Free Software provides computer programs and capabilities at no cost but more importantly, it provides the freedom to run, edit, contribute to, and share the software. The importance of free software is a matter of access, not price. Software at no cost is a benefit but ownership rights to the software and source code is far more significant.

Free Office Software - The Libre Office suite provides top desktop productivity tools for free. This includes, a word processor, spreadsheet, presentation engine, drawing and flowcharting, database and math applications. Libre Office is available for Linux or Windows.

Free Books

The Free Books Library is a collection of thousands of the most popular public domain books in an online readable format. The collection includes great classical literature and more recent works where the U.S. copyright has expired. These books are yours to read and use without restrictions.

Source Code - Want to change a program or know how it works? Open Source provides the source code for its programs so that anyone can use, modify or learn how to write those programs themselves. Visit the GNU source code repositories to download the source.


Study at Harvard, Stanford or MIT - Open edX provides free online courses from Harvard, MIT, Columbia, UC Berkeley and other top Universities. Hundreds of courses for almost all major subjects and course levels. Open edx also offers some paid courses and selected certifications.

Linux Manual Pages - A man or manual page is a form of software documentation found on Linux/Unix operating systems. Topics covered include computer programs (including library and system calls), formal standards and conventions, and even abstract concepts.