dhcping - send a DHCP request to DHCP server to see if it's up and


   dhcping [-v] [-q] [-i] [-r] -t maxwait -c client-IP-address -s server-
   IP-address -h client-hardware-address [-g gateway-IP-address]


   This command allows the system administrator to check if a remote DHCP
   server is still functioning.

   Options are:

   -v   Verbose, print some information.

   -V   Very verbose, print a lot of information.

   -i   Use DHCPINFORM packets.

   -r   Use DHCPREQUEST packets (default behaviour).

   -q   Quiet, print nothing on the screen.

   -t maxwait
        Maximum time to wait for an answer from the server in seconds.
        Default is 3 seconds.

   -c client-IP-address
        Request this IP address. Note that this is also the IP address the
        answer will be sent to.

   -s server-IP-address
        Send the DHCP packet to this IP address.

   -h client-hardware-address
        Use this hardware-address in the DHCP request. It can be up to
        sixteen octets separated by colons (i.e. 01:02:03:04)

   -g gateway-IP-address
        Use this IP address for the gateway IP address in the DHCP packet.
        This option is currently broken.


   If everything goes okay, it returns 0. If there went something wrong,
   it returns 1.


   This program should be installed setuid root or ran by root only.  See
   SECURITY for more information.

   On your DHCP server, add these lines to the dhcpd.conf:

     host <your monitoring host FQDN> {
        hardware ethernet <your monitor host mac address>;
        fixed-address     <your monitoring host IP address>;

   Then try it:

   $ dhcping -c your monitoring host IP address \
             -s your DHCP server IP address \
             -h your monitor host mac address

   It will either respond with "no answer" or "Got answer from: your DHCP
   server IP address"

   The DHCP server logfile will give:
    DHCPREQUEST for from 00:20:18:56:29:8f via ed0
    DHCPACK on to 00:20:18:56:29:8f via ed0
    DHCPRELEASE of from 00:20:18:56:29:8f via ed0 (found)

   Running in DHCPINFORM mode with -i:

   If you see "DHCPINFORM from via xl0: not authoritative for
   subnet", you should add the authoritative statement to the
   subnet, See dhcpd.conf(5) for details.

   When running in very verbose mode, dhcping tries to dump all data of
   the send and received DHCP packets. It will first dump the packet in
   hex-format, then decodes the header and finally the options.


   The client either sends a DHCPREQUEST or DHCPINFORM packet to the
   server and waits for an answer. Then, if a DHCPREQUEST was send, it
   will send a DHCPRELEASE back to the server.


   This program is installed setuid root as it requires the privileges to
   bind itself to port 68 (bootpc). Root privileges are dropped as soon as
   the program has bound itself to that port.


   Currently (this may, or may not, change in the future) the ISC DHCP
   daemon does not write leases with a fixed IP address in the
   dhcpd.leases file.

   DHCPINFORM packets can only be used on subnets the server is
   authoritative for.  If the monitoring script runs on a subnet the
   server isn't authoritative for, it should use the DHCPREQUEST packets.
   I also experienced some problems with ISC DHCPD v2 servers, but that is
   also in the README of it.

   The -V option is still working, but shouldn't be used for debugging of
   the packets. Better use dhcpdump(8) for that, which is available on my
   website. I wanted to remove it, but decided only to do it from the
   documentation, not from the code. Maybe I'll need it one day for


   Edwin Groothuis, edwin@mavetju.org (http://www.mavetju.org)


   dhcpd(8), dhclient(8), dhcpd.conf(5), dhcpdump(8)

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