foomatic-rip - Universal print filter/RIP wrapper


   General Options:
   foomatic-rip [-v] [-q] <mode-specific options>

   Spooler-less printing filter:
   foomatic-rip [-P <printer>  |  --ppd  <ppdfile> ]  [-J <jobtitle> ] [-o
    <option>=<value>  [...]]  [<files>]

   CUPS filter:
   foomatic-rip <jobid> <user> <jobtitle> <numcopies> <options> [<file>]


   foomatic-rip is a universal print filter which  can  be  used  as  CUPS
   filter  or  stand-alone  for  spooler-less, direct printing. It has the
   following features:

   · It translates PostScript and PDF from standard input or a file to the
     printer's native language on standard output.

   · The   translation   is   done  with  an  external  renderer,  usually
     Ghostscript (gs(1)). If no translation is needed (PostScript printer)
     the  renderer's  command  line  reduces  to  cat(1). The way how this
     translation is done is described in a PPD file.

   · Printer capabilities, how to handle user options, and  how  to  build
     the renderer command line is always described by PPD files, these PPD
     files usually come from Foomatic or can be the ones supplied  by  the
     manufacturers  of PostScript printers. The PPD files are the same for
     both CUPS and direct printing.

   · foomatic-rip  works  with  CUPS  and  for  direct  printing  (without
     spooler),  where the latter is mainly for testing and debugging.  The
     mode  is  selected  by  the  command  line  options  and  environment
     variables which are supplied to foomatic-rip.

   · foomatic-rip does not only apply option settings supplied by the user
     through the command line of the printing command, but  also  searches
     the  entire  job for embedded option settings (only PostScript jobs).
     Here not only settings which affect the  whole  job  are  taken  into
     account,  but also settings in the page headers, which are only valid
     for the page where they were found,  so  applications  which  produce
     PostScript  code with page-specific printer option settings are fully


   -v        verbose mode for debugging.  WARNING: This will create a file
             in  /tmp that contains the debugging information.  This opens
             a security loophole and should not be used in production.

   -q        quiet mode - minimal information output

   -P <printer>
             <printer> is the configured printer which should be used  for
             this job.

   --ppd <ppdfile>
             The  PPD file <ppdfile> should be applied for processing this

   -o <option>=<value>
             Option settings for this job.

   <files>   The file(s) to be printed.

   foomatic-rip will print from standard input unless at least one file to
   be  printed is specified on the command line.  If your printer PPD file
   is        stored        as         /etc/direct/<printer>.ppd         or
   ~/.foomatic/direct/<printer>.ppd  you  can  use it by simply specifying
   "-P <printer>".

   Put a line

   *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| <command>"

   into the PPD file, right after *PPD-Adobe: "4.3", where <command> is  a
   command  into  which  you want to re-direct the output data. Due to the
   restrictions of PPD files <, >, and " are not allowed in the <command>,
   replace them as follows:

   Character Replacement
        <    &lt;
        >    &gt;
        "    &quot;
        '    &apos;
        &    &amp;

   This way you can print directly to your printer, use

   *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/lp0"


   *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| cat &gt; /dev/usb/lp0"

   for  local parallel or USB printers. To make normal users able to print
   this way add them to the group lp and make sure  that  the  appropriate
   printer device file /dev/... is group-writable for the lp group.

   for a TCP/Socket/JetDirect printer with the host name printer listening
   on port 9100 you need this:

   *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| /usr/bin/nc -w 1 printer 9100"

   Note the "-w 1" in  the  "nc"  command  line,  it  makes  "nc"  exiting
   immediately after the data is transferred to the printer.

   *FoomaticRIPPostPipe: "| rlpr -Plp@printserver"

   directs  your  jobs  to  the  LPD printer queue lp on the machine named

   See also


   See   the    documentation    on    the    OpenPrinting    Web    site:


   The  file /etc/cups/foomatic-rip.conf or if it is not readable the file
   /etc/foomatic/filter.conf is read whenever foomatic-rip is executed. It
   allows  to  configure  the  behavior  of foomatic-rip as follows (lines
   beginning with # are comments and therefore get ignored):

   debug: 0|1
             Turns on (1) or off (0) the debug mode. This is equivalent to
             supplying the --debug command line option. Default setting is

   echo: [<path>/]<executable>
             Sets the path to an echo(1) executable which supports -n.

   gspath: [<path>/]<executable>
             Sets the path to the Ghostscript (gs(1))  executable.  To  be
             used  if  Ghostscript  is at a non-standard location or if an
             alternative Ghostscript should be used.

   execpath: <path>[:<path>]...
             Sets the $PATH variable to be used by foomatic-rip.

   cupsfilterpath: <path>[:<path>]...
             Sets the directories (colon-separated) in which  foomatic-rip
             searches for CUPS filters.

   preferred_shell: [<path>/]<executable>
             Sets    the   preferred   shell   to   use   when   executing
             FoomaticRIPCommandLine and friends.  Several  PPD  files  use
             shell  constructs that require a more modern shell like bash,
             zsh, or ksh.



   The PPD files of the currently defined printers


   Configuration file for foomatic-rip


   foomatic-rip returns 0 unless something unexpected happens.


   Till  Kamppeter  <>  with  parts   of   Manfred
   Wassmanns's  <>  man pages for the Foomatic
   2.0.x filters.


   None so far.

   Please send bug reports to the OpenPrinting bug tracker:

   Use "OpenPrinting" as the product and "cups-filters" as the component.


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