getfattr - get extended attributes of filesystem objects


   getfattr [-hRLP] -n name [-e en] pathname...
   getfattr [-hRLP] -d [-e en] [-m pattern] pathname...


   For each file, getfattr displays the file name, and the set of extended
   attribute names (and optionally values) which are associated with  that

   The output format of getfattr -d is as follows:
           1:  # file: somedir/
           2:  user.name0="value0"
           3:  user.name1="value1"
           4:  user.name2="value2"
           5:  ...

   Line 1 identifies the file name for which the following lines are being
   reported.  The remaining lines (lines 2 to 4 above) show the  name  and
   value pairs associated with the specified file.


   -n name, --name=name
       Dump the value of the named extended attribute extended attribute.

   -d, --dump
       Dump   the  values  of  all  extended  attributes  associated  with

   -e en, --encoding=en
       Encode values after  retrieving  them.   Valid  values  of  en  are
       "text",  "hex",  and  "base64".  Values encoded as text strings are
       enclosed in double quotes ("), while strings encoded as hexidecimal
       and base64 are prefixed with 0x and 0s, respectively.

   -h, --no-dereference
       Do  not  dereference symlinks. Instead of the file a symlink refers
       to, the symlink itself is examined.  Unless doing  a  logical  (-L)
       traversal, do not traverse symlinks to directories.

   -m pattern, --match=pattern
       Only  include attributes with names matching the regular expression
       pattern.  The  default  value  for  pattern  is  "^user\\.",  which
       includes  all the attributes in the user namespace. Specify "-" for
       including all attributes.  Refer to attr(5)  for  a  more  detailed
       discussion of namespaces.

       Do not strip leading slash characters ('/').  The default behaviour
       is to strip leading slash characters.

       Dump out the raw extended attribute value(s) without encoding them.

   -R, --recursive
       List the attributes of all files and directories recursively.

   -L, --logical
       Logical walk, follow symbolic links to  directories.   The  default
       behaviour   is   to   follow   symbolic   link   arguments   unless
       --no-dereference is given, and to skip symbolic  links  encountered
       in subdirectories.  Only effective in combination with -R.

   -P, --physical
       Physical  walk,  do not follow symbolic links to directories.  This
       also skips symbolic link arguments.  Only effective in  combination
       with -R.

       Print the version of getfattr and exit.

       Print help explaining the command line options.

   --  End   of  command  line  options.   All  remaining  parameters  are
       interpreted  as  file  names,  even  if  they  start  with  a  dash


   Andreas   Gruenbacher,  <>  and  the  SGI  XFS
   development team, <>.

   Please send your bug reports or comments to these addresses.


   setfattr(1), and attr(5).


Personal Opportunity - Free software gives you access to billions of dollars of software at no cost. Use this software for your business, personal use or to develop a profitable skill. Access to source code provides access to a level of capabilities/information that companies protect though copyrights. Open source is a core component of the Internet and it is available to you. Leverage the billions of dollars in resources and capabilities to build a career, establish a business or change the world. The potential is endless for those who understand the opportunity.

Business Opportunity - Goldman Sachs, IBM and countless large corporations are leveraging open source to reduce costs, develop products and increase their bottom lines. Learn what these companies know about open source and how open source can give you the advantage.

Free Software

Free Software provides computer programs and capabilities at no cost but more importantly, it provides the freedom to run, edit, contribute to, and share the software. The importance of free software is a matter of access, not price. Software at no cost is a benefit but ownership rights to the software and source code is far more significant.

Free Office Software - The Libre Office suite provides top desktop productivity tools for free. This includes, a word processor, spreadsheet, presentation engine, drawing and flowcharting, database and math applications. Libre Office is available for Linux or Windows.

Free Books

The Free Books Library is a collection of thousands of the most popular public domain books in an online readable format. The collection includes great classical literature and more recent works where the U.S. copyright has expired. These books are yours to read and use without restrictions.

Source Code - Want to change a program or know how it works? Open Source provides the source code for its programs so that anyone can use, modify or learn how to write those programs themselves. Visit the GNU source code repositories to download the source.


Study at Harvard, Stanford or MIT - Open edX provides free online courses from Harvard, MIT, Columbia, UC Berkeley and other top Universities. Hundreds of courses for almost all major subjects and course levels. Open edx also offers some paid courses and selected certifications.

Linux Manual Pages - A man or manual page is a form of software documentation found on Linux/Unix operating systems. Topics covered include computer programs (including library and system calls), formal standards and conventions, and even abstract concepts.