mkntfs - create an NTFS file system


   mkntfs [options] device [number-of-sectors]

   mkntfs  [  -C ] [ -c cluster-size ] [ -F ] [ -f ] [ -H heads ] [ -h ] [
   -I ] [ -L volume-label ] [ -l ] [ -n ] [ -p part-start-sect ] [ -Q ]  [
   -q ] [ -S sectors-per-track ] [ -s sector-size ] [ -T ] [ -U ] [ -V ] [
   -v ] [ -z mft-zone-multiplier ] [ --debug ] device [  number-of-sectors


   mkntfs  is  used  to  create an NTFS file system on a device (usually a
   disk partition) or file.  device is the special file  corresponding  to
   the device (e.g /dev/hdXX).  number-of-sectors is the number of sectors
   on the device. If omitted, mkntfs automagically figures the file system


   Below  is a summary of all the options that mkntfs accepts.  Nearly all
   options have two equivalent names.  The short name is preceded by - and
   the long name is preceded by --.  Any single letter options, that don't
   take an argument, can be combined into a single command, e.g.   -fv  is
   equivalent  to  -f  -v.   Long  named options can be abbreviated to any
   unique prefix of their name.

   Basic options
   -f, --fast, -Q, --quick
          Perform quick (fast) format. This will skip both zeroing of  the
          volume and bad sector checking.

   -L, --label STRING
          Set the volume label for the filesystem.

   -C, --enable-compression
          Enable compression on the volume.

   -n, --no-action
          Causes  mkntfs  to not actually create a filesystem, but display
          what it would do if it were to create a filesystem. All steps of
          the  format  are  carried  out  except the actual writing to the

   Advanced options
   -c, --cluster-size BYTES
          Specify the size of clusters in bytes. Valid cluster size values
          are  powers  of  two, with at least 256, and at most 65536 bytes
          per cluster. If omitted, mkntfs uses 4096 bytes as  the  default
          cluster size.

          Note  that  the default cluster size is set to be at least equal
          to the sector size as a cluster cannot be smaller than a sector.
          Also,  note  that  values greater than 4096 have the side effect
          that compression is disabled on the volume (due  to  limitations
          in the NTFS compression algorithm currently in use by Windows).

   -s, --sector-size BYTES
          Specify  the  size of sectors in bytes. Valid sector size values
          are 256, 512, 1024, 2048 and 4096 bytes per sector. If  omitted,
          mkntfs  attempts  to determine the sector-size automatically and
          if that fails a default of 512 bytes per sector is used.

   -p, --partition-start SECTOR
          Specify the partition start sector. The  maximum  is  4294967295
          (2^32-1).    If    omitted,   mkntfs   attempts   to   determine
          part-start-sect automatically and if that fails or the value  is
          oversized,  a  default  of  0  is  used. The partition is usable
          despite  a  wrong   value,   however   note   that   a   correct
          part-start-sect  is required for Windows to be able to boot from
          the created volume.

   -H, --heads NUM
          Specify the number of heads. The maximum is 65535  (0xffff).  If
          omitted,  mkntfs  attempts  to  determine  the  number  of heads
          automatically and if that fails a default of  0  is  used.  Note
          that  heads  is required for Windows to be able to boot from the
          created volume.

   -S, --sectors-per-track NUM
          Specify the number of sectors per track. The  maximum  is  65535
          (0xffff). If omitted, mkntfs attempts to determine the number of
          sectors-per-track automatically and if that fails a default of 0
          is  used. Note that sectors-per-track is required for Windows to
          be able to boot from the created volume.

   -z, --mft-zone-multiplier NUM
          Set the MFT zone multiplier, which determines the  size  of  the
          MFT  zone  to use on the volume. The MFT zone is the area at the
          beginning of the volume  reserved  for  the  master  file  table
          (MFT),  which  stores  the  on disk inodes (MFT records).  It is
          noteworthy that small  files  are  stored  entirely  within  the
          inode;  thus,  if you expect to use the volume for storing large
          numbers of very small files,  it  is  useful  to  set  the  zone
          multiplier to a higher value. Note, that the MFT zone is resized
          on the fly as required during operation of the NTFS  driver  but
          choosing  a  good  value will reduce fragmentation. Valid values
          are 1, 2, 3 and 4. The values have the following meaning:

          │MFT zone     MFT zone size      │
          │multiplier   (% of volume size) │
          │    1        12.5% (default)    │
          │    2        25.0%              │
          │    3        37.5%              │
          │    4        50.0%              │

   -T, --zero-time
          Fake the time to be 00:00:00 UTC, Jan 1,  1970  instead  of  the
          current  system  time.  This is only really useful for debugging

   -U, --with-uuid
          Generate a random volume UUID.

   -I, --no-indexing
          Disable content indexing on the volume. (This is only meaningful
          on  Windows  2000  and  later. Windows NT 4.0 and earlier ignore
          this as they do not implement content indexing at all.)

   -F, --force
          Force mkntfs to run, even if the specified device is not a block
          special device, or appears to be mounted.

   Output options
   -q, --quiet
          Quiet execution; only errors are written to stderr, no output to
          stdout occurs at all. Useful if mkntfs is run in a script.

   -v, --verbose
          Verbose execution.

          Really verbose execution; includes the verbose output  from  the
          -v  option  as  well  as  additional output useful for debugging

   Help options
   -V, --version
          Print the version number of mkntfs and exit.

   -l, --license
          Print the licensing information of mkntfs and exit.

   -h, --help
          Show a list of options with a brief description of each one.


   When applying chkdsk to a file system, it sometimes  throws  a  warning
   "Correcting  errors  in  the  uppercase  file."  The  uppercase file is
   created while formatting and it  defines  the  mapping  of  lower  case
   characters  to  upper  case  ones,  as  needed  to  sort  file names in
   directories. The warning means that the uppercase file defined  on  the
   file  system is not the same as the one used by the Windows OS on which
   chkdsk is running, and  this  may  happen  because  newer  versions  of
   Windows  take  into  account  new  characters  defined  by  the Unicode

   Currently, mkntfs creates the uppercase table so  that  no  warning  is
   thrown  by  Windows  Vista,  Windows  7  or Windows 8. A warning may be
   thrown by other Windows versions, or if chkdsk is applied in succession
   on different Windows versions.


   If  you  find  a bug please send an email describing the problem to the
   development team:


   mkntfs was written by Anton Altaparmakov, Richard Russon,  Erik  Sornes
   and  Szabolcs Szakacsits.  It was ported to ntfs-3g by Erik Larsson and
   Jean-Pierre Andre.


   mkntfs is part of the ntfs-3g package and is available from:


   badblocks(8), ntfsprogs(8)

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