mysqlcheck - a table maintenance program


   mysqlcheck [options] [db_name [tbl_name ...]]


   The mysqlcheck client performs table maintenance: It checks, repairs,
   optimizes, or analyzes tables.

   Each table is locked and therefore unavailable to other sessions while
   it is being processed, although for check operations, the table is
   locked with a READ lock only. Table maintenance operations can be
   time-consuming, particularly for large tables. If you use the
   --databases or --all-databases option to process all tables in one or
   more databases, an invocation of mysqlcheck might take a long time.
   (This is also true for mysql_upgrade because that program invokes
   mysqlcheck to check all tables and repair them if necessary.)

   mysqlcheck is similar in function to myisamchk, but works differently.
   The main operational difference is that mysqlcheck must be used when
   the mysqld server is running, whereas myisamchk should be used when it
   is not. The benefit of using mysqlcheck is that you do not have to stop
   the server to perform table maintenance.

   mysqlcheck uses the SQL statements CHECK TABLE, REPAIR TABLE, ANALYZE
   TABLE, and OPTIMIZE TABLE in a convenient way for the user. It
   determines which statements to use for the operation you want to
   perform, and then sends the statements to the server to be executed.

   The MyISAM storage engine supports all four maintenance operations, so
   mysqlcheck can be used to perform any of them on MyISAM tables. Other
   storage engines do not necessarily support all operations. In such
   cases, an error message is displayed. For example, if test.t is a
   MEMORY table, an attempt to check it produces this result:

       shell> mysqlcheck test t
       note     : The storage engine for the table doesn´t support check

   If mysqlcheck is unable to repair a table, see the MariaDB Knowledge
   Base for manual table repair strategies. This will be the case, for
   example, for InnoDB tables, which can be checked with CHECK TABLE, but
   not repaired with REPAIR TABLE.

   The use of mysqlcheck with partitioned tables is not supported.

       It is best to make a backup of a table before performing a table
       repair operation; under some circumstances the operation might
       cause data loss. Possible causes include but are not limited to
       file system errors.

   There are three general ways to invoke mysqlcheck:

       shell> mysqlcheck [options] db_name [tbl_name ...]
       shell> mysqlcheck [options] --databases db_name ...
       shell> mysqlcheck [options] --all-databases

   If you do not name any tables following db_name or if you use the
   --databases or --all-databases option, entire databases are checked.

   mysqlcheck has a special feature compared to other client programs. The
   default behavior of checking tables (--check) can be changed by
   renaming the binary. If you want to have a tool that repairs tables by
   default, you should just make a copy of mysqlcheck named mysqlrepair,
   or make a symbolic link to mysqlcheck named mysqlrepair. If you invoke
   mysqlrepair, it repairs tables.

   The following names can be used to change mysqlcheck default behavior.

   │mysqlrepair   │ The default option is │
   │              │ --repair              │
   │mysqlanalyze  │ The default option is │
   │              │ --analyze             │
   │mysqloptimize │ The default option is │
   │              │ --optimize            │

   mysqlcheck supports the following options, which can be specified on
   the command line or in the [mysqlcheck] and [client] option file

   ·   --help, -?

       Display a help message and exit.

   ·   --all-databases, -A

       Check all tables in all databases. This is the same as using the
       --databases option and naming all the databases on the command

   ·   --all-in-1, -1

       Instead of issuing a statement for each table, execute a single
       statement for each database that names all the tables from that
       database to be processed.

   ·   --analyze, -a

       Analyze the tables.

   ·   --auto-repair

       If a checked table is corrupted, automatically fix it. Any
       necessary repairs are done after all tables have been checked.

   ·   --character-sets-dir=path

       The directory where character sets are installed.

   ·   --check, -c

       Check the tables for errors. This is the default operation.

   ·   --check-only-changed, -C

       Check only tables that have changed since the last check or that
       have not been closed properly.

   ·   --check-upgrade, -g

       Invoke CHECK TABLE with the FOR UPGRADE option to check tables for
       incompatibilities with the current version of the server. This
       option automatically enables the --fix-db-names and
       --fix-table-names options.

   ·   --compress

       Compress all information sent between the client and the server if
       both support compression.

   ·   --databases, -B

       Process all tables in the named databases. Normally, mysqlcheck
       treats the first name argument on the command line as a database
       name and following names as table names. With this option, it
       treats all name arguments as database names.

   ·   --debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]

       Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is
       ´d:t:o,file_name´. The default is ´d:t:o´.

   ·   --debug-check

       Print some debugging information when the program exits.

   ·   --debug-info

       Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage statistics
       when the program exits.

   ·   --default-auth=name

       Default authentication client-side plugin to use.

   ·   --default-character-set=charset_name

       Use charset_name as the default character set.

   ·   --defaults-extra-file=filename

       Set filename as the file to read default options from after the
       global defaults files has been read.  Must be given as first

   ·   --defaults-file=filename

       Set filename as the file to read default options from, override
       global defaults files.  Must be given as first option.

   ·   --extended, -e

       If you are using this option to check tables, it ensures that they
       are 100% consistent but takes a long time.

       If you are using this option to repair tables, it will force using
       the old, slow, repair with keycache method, instead of the much
       faster repair by sorting.

   ·   --fast, -F

       Check only tables that have not been closed properly.

   ·   --fix-db-names

       Convert database names to the format used since MySQL 5.1. Only
       database names that contain special characters are affected.

   ·   --fix-table-names

       Convert table names (including views) to the format used since
       MySQL 5.1. Only table names that contain special characters are

   ·   --flush,

       Flush each table after check. This is useful if you don't want to
       have the checked tables take up space in the caches after the

   ·   --force, -f

       Continue even if an SQL error occurs.

   ·   --host=host_name, -h host_name

       Connect to the MariaDB server on the given host.

   ·   --medium-check, -m

       Do a check that is faster than an --extended operation. This finds
       only 99.99% of all errors, which should be good enough in most

   ·   --no-defaults

       Do not read default options from any option file. This must be
       given as the first argument.

   ·   --optimize, -o

       Optimize the tables.

   ·   --password[=password], -p[password]

       The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the
       short option form (-p), you cannot have a space between the option
       and the password. If you omit the password value following the
       --password or -p option on the command line, mysqlcheck prompts for

       Specifying a password on the command line should be considered
       insecure. You can use an option file to avoid giving the password
       on the command line.

   ·   --persistent, -Z

       Used with ANALYZE TABLE to append the option PERSISENT FOR ALL.

   ·   --pipe, -W

       On Windows, connect to the server via a named pipe. This option
       applies only if the server supports named-pipe connections.

   ·   --plugin-dir=name

        Directory for client-side plugins.

   ·   --port=port_num, -P port_num

       The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.

   ·   --print-defaults

       Print the program argument list and exit.  This must be given as
       the first argument.

   ·   --process-tables

       Perform the requested operation on tables. Defaults to on; use
       --skip-process-tables to disable.

   ·   --process-views=val

       Perform the requested operation (only CHECK VIEW or REPAIR VIEW).
       Possible values are NO, YES (correct the checksum, if necessary,
       add the mariadb-version field), UPGRADE_FROM_MYSQL (same as YES and
       toggle the algorithm MERGE<->TEMPTABLE.

   ·   --protocol={TCP|SOCKET|PIPE|MEMORY}

       The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server. It is
       useful when the other connection parameters normally would cause a
       protocol to be used other than the one you want.

   ·   --quick, -q

       If you are using this option to check tables, it prevents the check
       from scanning the rows to check for incorrect links. This is the
       fastest check method.

       If you are using this option to repair tables, it tries to repair
       only the index tree. This is the fastest repair method.

   ·   --repair, -r

       Perform a repair that can fix almost anything except unique keys
       that are not unique.

   ·   --silent, -s

       Silent mode. Print only error messages.

   ·   --skip-database=db_name -s

       Don't process the database (case-sensitive) specified as argument.

   ·   --socket=path, -S path

       For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on
       Windows, the name of the named pipe to use.

   ·   --ssl

       Enable SSL for connection (automatically enabled with other flags).
       Disable with --skip-ssl.

   ·   --ssl-ca=name

       CA file in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

   ·   --ssl-capath=name

       CA directory (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

   ·   --ssl-cert=name

       X509 cert in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

   ·   --ssl-cipher=name

       SSL cipher to use (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

   ·   --ssl-key=name

       X509 key in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

   ·   --ssl-crl=name

       Certificate revocation list (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

   ·   --ssl-crlpath=name

       Certificate revocation list path (check OpenSSL docs, implies

   ·   --ssl-verify-server-cert

       Verify server's "Common Name" in its cert against hostname used
       when connecting. This option is disabled by default.

   ·   --tables

       Override the --databases or -B option. All name arguments following
       the option are regarded as table names.

   ·   --use-frm

       For repair operations on MyISAM tables, get the table structure
       from the .frm file so that the table can be repaired even if the
       .MYI header is corrupted.

   ·   --user=user_name, -u user_name

       The MariaDB user name to use when connecting to the server.

   ·   --verbose, -v

       Verbose mode. Print information about the various stages of program
       operation.  Using one --verbose option will give you more
       information about what mysqlcheck is doing.

       Using two --verbose options will also give you connection

       Using it 3 times will print out all CHECK, RENAME and ALTER TABLE
       during the check phase.

   ·   --version, -V

       Display version information and exit.

   ·   --write-binlog

       This option is enabled by default, so that ANALYZE TABLE, OPTIMIZE
       TABLE, and REPAIR TABLE statements generated by mysqlcheck are
       written to the binary log. Use --skip-write-binlog to cause
       NO_WRITE_TO_BINLOG to be added to the statements so that they are
       not logged. Use the --skip-write-binlog when these statements
       should not be sent to replication slaves or run when using the
       binary logs for recovery from backup.


   Copyright 2007-2008 MySQL AB, 2008-2010 Sun Microsystems, Inc.,
   2010-2015 MariaDB Foundation

   This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
   published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

   This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
   with the program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
   51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see


   For more information, please refer to the MariaDB Knowledge Base,
   available online at


   MariaDB Foundation (


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