panel - panel stack extension for curses


   #include <panel.h>

   cc [flags] sourcefiles -lpanel -lncurses

   PANEL *new_panel(WINDOW *win);
   int bottom_panel(PANEL *pan);
   int top_panel(PANEL *pan);
   int show_panel(PANEL *pan);
   void update_panels();
   int hide_panel(PANEL *pan);
   WINDOW *panel_window(const PANEL *pan);
   int replace_panel(PANEL *pan, WINDOW *window);
   int move_panel(PANEL *pan, int starty, int startx);
   int panel_hidden(const PANEL *pan);
   PANEL *panel_above(const PANEL *pan);
   PANEL *panel_below(const PANEL *pan);
   int set_panel_userptr(PANEL *pan, const void *ptr);
   const void *panel_userptr(const PANEL *pan);
   int del_panel(PANEL *pan);


   Panels  are  ncurses(3NCURSES) windows with the added feature of depth.
   Panel functions allow the use of stacked windows and ensure the  proper
   portions  of  each  window  and  the curses stdscr window are hidden or
   displayed when panels are added, moved, modified or removed.   The  set
   of  currently visible panels is the stack of panels.  The stdscr window
   is beneath all panels, and is not considered part of the stack.

   A window is associated with every panel. The panel routines enable  you
   to  create, move, hide, and show panels, as well as position a panel at
   any desired location in the stack.

   Panel routines are a functional layer added to ncurses(3NCURSES),  make
   only high-level curses calls, and work anywhere terminfo curses does.


          allocates   a   PANEL  structure, associates it with win, places
          the panel on the top of the stack  (causes  it to  be  displayed
          above any other panel) and returns a pointer to the new panel.

          refreshes  the  virtual  screen to reflect the relations between
          the panels in the stack, but does not call doupdate() to refresh
          the  physical  screen.   Use  this  function and not wrefresh or
          wnoutrefresh.  update_panels may be called more than once before
          a call to doupdate(), but doupdate() is the function responsible
          for updating the physical screen.

          removes the given panel from  the   stack  and  deallocates  the
          PANEL structure (but not its associated window).

          removes  the  given panel from the panel stack and thus hides it
          from view. The PANEL structure is not lost, merely removed  from
          the stack.

          returns  TRUE if the panel is in the panel stack, FALSE if it is
          not.  If the panel is a null pointer, return ERR.

          makes a hidden panel visible by placing it on top of the  panels
          in the panel stack. See COMPATIBILITY below.

          puts  the given visible panel on top of all panels in the stack.
          See COMPATIBILITY below.

          puts panel at the bottom of all panels.

          moves the given panel window so that its upper-left corner is at
          starty, startx.  It does not change the position of the panel in
          the stack.  Be sure to use this function, not mvwin(), to move a
          panel window.

          replaces  the  current  window of panel with window (useful, for
          example if you want to resize a panel; if you're using  ncurses,
          you  can call replace_panel on the output of wresize(3NCURSES)).
          It does not change the position of the panel in the stack.

          returns a pointer to the panel above pan.  If the panel argument
          is  (PANEL  *)0, it returns a pointer to the bottom panel in the

          returns a pointer to the panel just below  pan.   If  the  panel
          argument is (PANEL *)0, it returns a pointer to the top panel in
          the stack.

          sets the panel's user pointer.

          returns the user pointer for a given panel.

          returns a pointer to the window of the given panel.


   Each routine that returns a pointer returns NULL if  an  error  occurs.
   Each  routine  that  returns  an  int  value  returns OK if it executes
   successfully and ERR if not.


   Reasonable care has been taken  to   ensure   compatibility  with   the
   native   panel  facility  introduced  in SVr3.2 (inspection of the SVr4
   manual pages suggests the programming  interface  is  unchanged).   The
   PANEL data structures are merely  similar. The  programmer is cautioned
   not to directly use PANEL fields.

   The functions  show_panel()  and  top_panel()  are  identical  in  this
   implementation,  and work equally well with displayed or hidden panels.
   In the native System V implementation,  show_panel()  is  intended  for
   making a hidden panel visible (at the top of the stack) and top_panel()
   is intended for making an already-visible panel move to the top of  the
   stack.  You  are  cautioned  to  use  the  correct  function  to ensure
   compatibility with native panel libraries.


   In your library list, libpanel.a should be  before  libncurses.a;  that
   is,  you  want  to  say  `-lpanel  -lncurses', not the other way around
   (which would usually give a link-error).


   panel.h interface for the panels library

   libpanel.a the panels library itself


   ncurses(3NCURSES), curses_variables(3NCURSES),

   This describes ncurses version 6.0 (patch 20160625).


   Originally  written   by   Warren   Tucker   <>,
   primarily  to  assist  in  porting  u386mon to systems without a native
   panels library.  Repackaged for ncurses by Zeyd ben-Halim.



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