encrypt, setkey, encrypt_r, setkey_r - encrypt 64-bit messages


   #define _XOPEN_SOURCE       /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
   #include <unistd.h>

   void encrypt(char block[64], int edflag);

   #define _XOPEN_SOURCE       /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
   #include <stdlib.h>

   void setkey(const char *key);

   #define _GNU_SOURCE         /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
   #include <crypt.h>

   void setkey_r(const char *key, struct crypt_data *data);
   void encrypt_r(char *block, int edflag, struct crypt_data *data);

   Each of these requires linking with -lcrypt.


   These  functions  encrypt  and  decrypt  64-bit messages.  The setkey()
   function sets the key used by encrypt().  The key argument used here is
   an  array  of  64 bytes, each of which has numerical value 1 or 0.  The
   bytes key[n] where n=8*i-1 are  ignored,  so  that  the  effective  key
   length is 56 bits.

   The  encrypt()  function modifies the passed buffer, encoding if edflag
   is 0, and decoding if 1 is being passed.  Like the key  argument,  also
   block  is  a  bit  vector  representation  of  the actual value that is
   encoded.  The result is returned in that same vector.

   These two functions are not reentrant, that is, the key data is kept in
   static  storage.   The  functions  setkey_r()  and  encrypt_r() are the
   reentrant versions.  They use the following structure to hold  the  key

       struct crypt_data {
           char     keysched[16 * 8];
           char     sb0[32768];
           char     sb1[32768];
           char     sb2[32768];
           char     sb3[32768];
           char     crypt_3_buf[14];
           char     current_salt[2];
           long int current_saltbits;
           int      direction;
           int      initialized;

   Before calling setkey_r() set data->initialized to zero.


   These functions do not return any value.


   Set  errno  to zero before calling the above functions.  On success, it
   is unchanged.

   ENOSYS The function is not provided.  (For example  because  of  former
          USA export restrictions.)


   For   an   explanation   of   the  terms  used  in  this  section,  see

   │InterfaceAttributeValue                │
   │encrypt(), setkey()     │ Thread safety │ MT-Unsafe race:crypt │
   │encrypt_r(), setkey_r() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe              │


   encrypt(), setkey(): POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SUS, SVr4.

   The functions encrypt_r() and setkey_r() are GNU extensions.


   In glibc 2.2, these functions use the DES algorithm.


   #define _XOPEN_SOURCE
   #include <stdio.h>
   #include <stdlib.h>
   #include <unistd.h>
   #include <crypt.h>

       char key[64];
       char orig[9] = "eggplant";
       char buf[64];
       char txt[9];
       int i, j;

       for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
           key[i] = rand() & 1;

       for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
           for (j = 0; j < 8; j++) {
               buf[i * 8 + j] = orig[i] >> j & 1;
       printf("Before encrypting: %s\n", orig);

       encrypt(buf, 0);
       for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
           for (j = 0, txt[i] = '\0'; j < 8; j++) {
               txt[i] |= buf[i * 8 + j] << j;
           txt[8] = '\0';
       printf("After encrypting:  %s\n", txt);

       encrypt(buf, 1);
       for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
           for (j = 0, txt[i] = '\0'; j < 8; j++) {
               txt[i] |= buf[i * 8 + j] << j;
           txt[8] = '\0';
       printf("After decrypting:  %s\n", txt);


   cbc_crypt(3), crypt(3), ecb_crypt(3),


   This page is part of release 4.09 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
   description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
   latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at

                              2015-08-08                        ENCRYPT(3)

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