sigreturn,  rt_sigreturn - return from signal handler and cleanup stack


   int sigreturn(...);


   If the Linux kernel determines that an unblocked signal is pending  for
   a  process,  then,  at  the  next  transition back to user mode in that
   process (e.g., upon return from a system call or when  the  process  is
   rescheduled  onto  the CPU), it saves various pieces of process context
   (processor status  word,  registers,  signal  mask,  and  signal  stack
   settings) into the user-space stack.

   The kernel also arranges that, during the transition back to user mode,
   the signal handler is called, and that, upon return from  the  handler,
   control  passes  to  a  piece  of  user-space  code commonly called the
   "signal  trampoline".   The  signal  trampoline  code  in  turn   calls

   This  sigreturn()  call  undoes  everything  that was done---changing the
   process's signal mask, switching signal stacks (see  sigaltstack(2))---in
   order  to  invoke the signal handler.  It restores the process's signal
   mask, switches stacks, and restores the  process's  context  (processor
   flags  and  registers,  including  the  stack  pointer  and instruction
   pointer), so that the process resumes execution at the point  where  it
   was interrupted by the signal.


   sigreturn() never returns.


   Many   UNIX-type  systems  have  a  sigreturn()  system  call  or  near
   equivalent.  However, this call is not specified in POSIX, and  details
   of its behavior vary across systems.


   sigreturn() exists only to allow the implementation of signal handlers.
   It should never be called directly.  Details of the arguments (if  any)
   passed to sigreturn() vary depending on the architecture.

   Once  upon  a time, UNIX systems placed the signal trampoline code onto
   the user stack.  Nowadays, pages of the user stack are protected so  as
   to  disallow  code  execution.   Thus,  on  contemporary Linux systems,
   depending on the architecture, the signal trampoline code lives  either
   in  the vdso(7) or in the C library.  In the latter case, the C library
   supplies the location of the  trampoline  code  using  the  sa_restorer
   field  of  the  sigaction structure that is passed to sigaction(2), and
   sets the SA_RESTORER flag in the sa_flags field.

   The saved  process  context  information  is  placed  in  a  ucontext_t
   structure (see <sys/ucontext.h>).  That structure is visible within the
   signal handler as the third argument of a handler established with  the
   SA_SIGINFO flag.

   On  some  other  UNIX  systems,  the operation of the signal trampoline
   differs a little.  In particular, on some systems,  upon  transitioning
   back  to user mode, the kernel passes control to the trampoline (rather
   than the signal handler), and the  trampoline  code  calls  the  signal
   handler (and then calls sigreturn() once the handler returns).

   C library/kernel differences
   The  original  Linux  system call was named sigreturn().  However, with
   the addition of real-time signals in Linux  2.2,  a  new  system  call,
   rt_sigreturn() was added to support an enlarged sigset_t type.  The GNU
   C  library  hides  these  details  from  us,  transparently   employing
   rt_sigreturn() when the kernel provides it.


   kill(2),  restart_syscall(2), sigaltstack(2), signal(2), getcontext(3),
   signal(7), vdso(7)


   This page is part of release 4.09 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
   description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
   latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at


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