suffixes - list of file suffixes


   It  is  customary  to  indicate  the  contents  of a file with the file
   suffix, which consists of a period, followed by one  or  more  letters.
   Many  standard  utilities, such as compilers, use this to recognize the
   type of file they are dealing with.  The make(1) utility is  driven  by
   rules based on file suffix.

   Following is a list of suffixes which are likely to be found on a Linux
   Suffix         File type
    ,v            files for RCS (Revision Control System)
    -             backup file
    .C            C++ source code, equivalent to .cc
    .F            Fortran source with cpp(1) directives
                  or file compressed using freeze
    .S            assembler source with cpp(1) directives
    .Y            file compressed using yabba
    .Z            file compressed using compress(1)
    .[0-9]+gf     TeX generic font files
    .[0-9]+pk     TeX packed font files
    .[1-9]        manual page for the corresponding section
    .[1-9][a-z]   manual page for section plus subsection
    .a            static object code library
    .ad           X application default resource file
    .ada          Ada source (may be body, spec, or combination)
    .adb          Ada body source
    .ads          Ada spec source
    .afm          PostScript font metrics
    .al           Perl autoload file
    .am           automake(1) input file
    .arc          arc(1) archive
    .arj          arj(1) archive
    .asc          PGP ASCII-armored data
    .asm          (GNU) assembler source file
    .au           Audio sound file
    .aux          LaTeX auxiliary file
    .avi          (msvideo) movie
    .awk          AWK language program
    .b            LILO boot loader image
    .bak          backup file
    .bash         bash(1) shell script
    .bb           basic block list data produced by
                  gcc -ftest-coverage
    .bbg          basic block graph data produced by
                  gcc -ftest-coverage
    .bbl          BibTeX output
    .bdf          X font file
    .bib          TeX bibliographic database, BibTeX input
    .bm           bitmap source
    .bmp          bitmap
    .bz2          file compressed using bzip2(1)
    .c            C source
    .cat          message catalog files
    .cc           C++ source
    .cf           configuration file
    .cfg          configuration file
    .cgi          WWW content generating script or program
    .cls          LaTeX Class definition
    .class        Java compiled byte-code
    .conf         configuration file
    .config       configuration file
    .cpp          equivalent to .cc
    .csh          csh(1) shell script
    .cxx          equivalent to .cc
    .dat          data file
    .deb          Debian software package
    .def          Modula-2 source for definition modules
    .def          other definition files
    .desc         initial part of mail message unpacked with
    .diff         file differences (diff(1) command output)
    .dir          dbm data base directory file
    .doc          documentation file
    .dsc          Debian Source Control (source package)
    .dtx          LaTeX package source file
    .dvi          TeX's device independent output
    .el           Emacs-Lisp source
    .elc          compiled Emacs-Lisp source
    .eps          encapsulated PostScript
    .exp          Expect source code
    .f            Fortran source
    .f77          Fortran 77 source
    .f90          Fortran 90 source
    .fas          precompiled Common-Lisp
    .fi           Fortran include files
    .fig          FIG image file (used by xfig(1))
    .fmt          TeX format file
    .gif          Compuserve Graphics Image File format
    .gmo          GNU format message catalog
    .gsf          Ghostscript fonts
    .gz           file compressed using gzip(1)
    .h            C or C++ header files
    .help         help file
    .hf           equivalent to .help
    .hlp          equivalent to .help
    .htm          poor man's .html
    .html         HTML document used with the World Wide Web
    .hqx          7-bit encoded Macintosh file
    .i            C source after preprocessing
    .icon         bitmap source
    .idx          reference or datum-index file for hypertext
                  or database system
    .image        bitmap source
    .in           configuration template, especially for GNU Autoconf
    .info         files for the Emacs info browser
    .info-[0-9]+  split info files
    .ins          LaTeX package install file for docstrip
    .itcl         itcl source code;
                  itcl ([incr Tcl]) is an OO extension of tcl
    .java         a Java source file
    .jpeg         Joint Photographic Experts Group format
    .jpg          poor man's .jpeg
    .kmap         lyx(1) keymap
    .l            equivalent to .lex or .lisp
    .lex          lex(1) or flex(1) files
    .lha          lharc archive
    .lib          Common-Lisp library
    .lisp         Lisp source
    .ln           files for use with lint(1)
    .log          log file, in particular produced by TeX
    .lsm          Linux Software Map entry
    .lsp          Common-Lisp source
    .lzh          lharc archive
    .m            Objective-C source code
    .m4           m4(1) source
    .mac          macro files for various programs
    .man          manual page (usually source rather than formatted)
    .map          map files for various programs
    .me           Nroff source using the me macro package
    .mf           Metafont (font generator for TeX) source
    .mgp          MagicPoint file
    .mm           sources for groff(1) in mm - format
    .mo           Message catalog binary file
    .mod          Modula-2 source for implementation modules
    .mov          (quicktime) movie
    .mp           Metapost source
    .mp2          MPEG Layer 2 (audio) file
    .mp3          MPEG Layer 3 (audio) file
    .mpeg         movie file
    .o            object file
    .old          old or backup file
    .orig         backup (original) version of a file, from patch(1)
    .out          output file, often executable program (a.out)
    .p            Pascal source
    .pag          dbm data base data file
    .patch        file differences for patch(1)
    .pbm          portable bitmap format
    .pcf          X11 font files
    .pdf          Adobe Portable Data Format
                  (use Acrobat/acroread or xpdf)
    .perl         Perl source (see .ph, .pl and .pm)
    .pfa          PostScript font definition files, ASCII format
    .pfb          PostScript font definition files, binary format
    .pgm          portable greymap format
    .pgp          PGP binary data
    .ph           Perl header file
    .php          PHP program file
    .php3         PHP3 program file
    .pid          File to store daemon PID (e.g.,
    .pl           TeX property list file or Perl library file
    .pm           Perl module
    .png          Portable Network Graphics file
    .po           Message catalog source
    .pod          perldoc(1) file
    .ppm          portable pixmap format
    .pr           bitmap source
    .ps           PostScript file
    .py           Python source
    .pyc          compiled python
    .qt           quicktime movie
    .r            RATFOR source (obsolete)
    .rej          patches that patch(1) couldn't apply
    .rpm          RPM software package
    .rtf          Rich Text Format file
    .rules        rules for something
    .s            assembler source
    .sa           stub libraries for a.out shared libraries
    .sc           sc(1) spreadsheet commands
    .scm          Scheme source code
    .sed          sed source file
    .sgml         SGML source file
    .sh           sh(1) scripts
    .shar         archive created by the shar(1) utility
    .so           Shared library or dynamically loadable object
    .sql          SQL source
    .sqml         SQML schema or query program
    .sty          LaTeX style files
    .sym          Modula-2 compiled definition modules
    .tar          archive created by the tar(1) utility
    .tar.Z        tar(1) archive compressed with compress(1)
    .tar.bz2      tar(1) archive compressed with bzip2(1)
    .tar.gz       tar(1) archive compressed with gzip(1)
    .taz          tar(1) archive compressed with compress(1)
    .tcl          tcl source code
    .tex          TeX or LaTeX source
    .texi         equivalent to .texinfo
    .texinfo      Texinfo documentation source
    .text         text file
    .tfm          TeX font metric file
    .tgz          tar archive compressed with gzip(1)
    .tif          poor man's .tiff
    .tiff         Tagged Image File Format
    .tk           tcl/tk script
    .tmp          temporary file
    .tmpl         template files
    .txt          equivalent to .text
    .uu           equivalent to .uue
    .uue          binary file encoded with uuencode(1)
    .vf           TeX virtual font file
    .vpl          TeX virtual property list file
    .w            Silvio Levi's CWEB
    .wav          wave sound file
    .web          Donald Knuth's WEB
    .wml          Source file for Web Meta Language
    .xbm          X11 bitmap source
    .xcf          GIMP graphic
    .xml          eXtended Markup Language file
    .xpm          X11 pixmap source
    .xs           Perl xsub file produced by h2xs
    .xsl          XSL stylesheet
    .y            yacc(1) or bison(1) (parser generator) files
    .z            File compressed using pack(1) (or an old gzip(1))
    .zip          zip(1) archive
    .zoo          zoo(1) archive
    ~             Emacs or patch(1) backup file
    rc            startup (`run control') file, e.g., .newsrc


   General UNIX conventions.


   This list is not exhaustive.


   file(1), make(1)


   This page is part of release 4.09 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
   description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
   latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at

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