XIGrabButton, XIUngrabButton, XIGrabKeycode, XIUngrabKeycode, XIGrabTouchBegin, XIUngrabTouchBegin - grab/ungrab buttons or keys
#include <X11/extensions/XInput2.h> int XIGrabButton( Display *display, int deviceid, int button, Window grab_window, Cursor cursor, int grab_mode, int paired_device_mode, Bool owner_events, XIEventMask *mask, int num_modifiers, XIGrabModifiers *modifiers_inout); int XIUngrabButton( Display *display, int deviceid, int button, Window grab_window, int num_modifiers, XIGrabModifiers *modifiers); int XIGrabKeycode( Display *display, int deviceid, int keycode, Window grab_window, int grab_mode, int paired_device_mode, Bool owner_events, XIEventMask *mask, int num_modifiers, XIGrabModifiers *modifiers_inout); int XIUngrabKeycode( Display *display, int deviceid, int keycode, Window grab_window, int num_modifiers, XIGrabModifiers *modifiers); int XIGrabTouchBegin( Display *display, int deviceid, Window grab_window, Bool owner_events, XIEventMask *mask, int num_modifiers, XIGrabModifiers *modifiers_inout); int XIUngrabTouchBegin( Display *display, int deviceid, Window grab_window, int num_modifiers, XIGrabModifiers *modifiers); display Specifies the connection to the X server. device Specifies the device that is to be grabbed or released button Specifies the device button that is to be grabbed or released or XIAnyButton. keycode Specifies the keycode that is to be grabbed or released or XIAnyKeycode. num_modifiers Number of elements in modifiers or modifiers_inout. modifiers Specifies the set of latched and base modifiers or XIAnyModifier to ungrab. The data type is for consistency with the respective grab request and the status code of the XIGrabModifiers struct is ignored. modifiers_inout Specifies the set of latched and base modifiers or XIAnyModifier to grab. Returns the modifiers that could not be grabbed and their error code. grab_window Specifies the grab window. owner_events Specifies a Boolean value that indicates whether the are to be reported as usual or reported with respect to the grab window. mask Specifies the event mask. grab_mode Specifies further processing of events from this device. You can pass XIGrabModeSync or XIGrabModeAsync. paired_device_mode Specifies further processing of events from the paired master device. You can pass XIGrabModeSync or XIGrabModeAsync. If deviceid specifies a floating slave device, this parameter is ignored.
XIGrabButton, XIGrabKeycode and XIGrabTouchBegin establish a passive grab. The modifier device for a button grab is the paired master device if deviceid specifies a master pointer. Otherwise, the modifier device is the device specified with deviceid. In the future, the device is actively grabbed (as for XIGrabDevice, the last-grab time is set to the time at which the button or keycode was pressed and the XI_ButtonPress or XI_KeyPress event is reported if all of the following conditions are true: * The device is not grabbed, and the specified button or keycode is logically pressed or a touch event occurs when the specified modifier keys are logically down on the modifier device and no other buttons or modifier keys are logically down. * Either the grab window is an ancestor of (or is) the focus window, OR the grab window is a descendent of the focus window and contains the device. * A passive grab on the same button/modifier combination does not exist on any ancestor of grab_window. The interpretation of the remaining arguments is as for XIGrabDevice. The active grab is terminated automatically when the logical state of the device has all buttons or keys released (independent of the logical state of the modifier keys). If the device is an attached slave device, the device is automatically detached from the master device when the grab activates and reattached to the same master device when the grab deactivates. If the master device is removed while the device is floating as a result of a grab, the device remains floating once the grab deactivates. Note that the logical state of a device (as seen by client applications) may lag the physical state if device event processing is frozen. This request overrides all previous grabs by the same client on the same button/modifier or keycode/modifier combinations on the same window. A modifiers of XIAnyModifier is equivalent to issuing the grab request for all possible modifier combinations (including the combination of no modifiers). It is not required that all modifiers specified have currently assigned KeyCodes. A button of XIAnyButton is equivalent to issuing the request for all possible buttons. Otherwise, it is not required that the specified button currently be assigned to a physical button. If some other client has already issued a XIGrabButton or XIGrabKeycode with the same button/modifier or keycode/modifier combination on the same window, a BadAccess error results. When using XIAnyModifier or XIAnyButton , the request fails completely, and a XIBadAccess error results (no grabs are established) if there is a conflicting grab for any combination. XIGrabButton and XIGrabKeycode have no effect on an active grab. On success, XIGrabButton, XIGrabKeycode and XIGrabTouchBegin return 0; If one or more modifier combinations could not be grabbed, XIGrabButton, XIGrabKeycode and XIGrabTouchBegin return the number of failed combinations and modifiers_inout contains the failed combinations and their respective error codes. XIGrabButton, XIGrabKeycode and XIGrabTouchBegin can generate BadClass, BadDevice, BadMatch, BadValue, and BadWindow errors. XIUngrabButton, XIUngrabKeycode and XIUngrabTouchBegin release the passive grab for a button/modifier, keycode/modifier or touch/modifier combination on the specified window if it was grabbed by this client. A modifier of XIAnyModifier is equivalent to issuing the ungrab request for all possible modifier combinations, including the combination of no modifiers. A button of XIAnyButton is equivalent to issuing the request for all possible buttons. XIUngrabButton and XIUngrabKeycode have no effect on an active grab. XIUngrabButton, XIUngrabKeycode and XIUngrabTouchBegin can generate BadDevice, BadMatch, BadValue and BadWindow errors.
XIGrabButton, XIGrabKeycode and XIGrabTouchBegin return the number of modifier combination that could not establish a passive grab. The modifiers are returned in modifiers_inout, along with the respective error for this modifier combination. If XIGrabButton, XIGrabKeycode or XIGrabTouchBegin return zero, passive grabs with all requested modifier combinations were established successfully.
BadDevice An invalid deviceid was specified. BadMatch This error may occur if XIGrabButton specified a device that has no buttons, or XIGrabKeycode specified a device that has no keys, or XIGrabTouchBegin specified a device that is not touch-capable. BadValue Some numeric value falls outside the range of values accepted by the request. Unless a specific range is specified for an argument, the full range defined by the argument's type is accepted. Any argument defined as a set of alternatives can generate this error. BadWindow A value for a Window argument does not name a defined Window.
The protocol headers for XI 2.0 did not provide XIGrabModeAsync or XIGrabModeSync. Use GrabModeSync and GrabModeAsync instead, respectively.
XIAllowEvents(3) 03/09/2013 XIGRABBUTTON(3)
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