adb - Android Debug Bridge


   adb [-d|-e|-s serialNumber] command


   Android  Debug  Bridge (adb) is a versatile command line tool that lets
   you communicate with an emulator instance or connected  Android-powered
   device.  It is a client-server program that includes three components:

   * A  client, which sends commands.  The client runs on your development
     machine.  You can invoke a client from a  shell  by  issuing  an  adb
     command.  Other Android tools such as DDMS also create adb clients.

   * A  daemon,  which  runs  commands  on a device.  The daemon runs as a
     background process on each emulator or device instance.

   * A server, which manages communication  between  the  client  and  the
     daemon.   The server runs as a background process on your development

   If there's only one emulator running or only one device connected,  the
   adb  command  is sent to that device by default.  If multiple emulators
   are running and/or multiple devices are attached, you need to  use  the
   -d,  -e, or -s option to specify the target device to which the command
   should be directed.


   -a     Directs adb to listen on all interfaces for a connection.

   -d     Directs command to the only connected USB  device.   Returns  an
          error if more than one USB device is present.

   -e     Directs  command to the only running emulator.  Returns an error
          if more than one emulator is running.

   -s specific device
          Directs command to the device or emulator with the given  serial
          number   or  qualifier.   Overrides  ANDROID_SERIAL  environment

   -p product name or path
          Simple product name like sooner, or a relative/absolute path  to
          a  product  out directory like out/target/product/sooner.  If -p
          is not specified, the ANDROID_PRODUCT_OUT  environment  variable
          is used, which must be an absolute path.

   -H     Name of adb server host (default: localhost)

   -P     Port of adb server (default: 5037)


   adb devices [-l]
          List   all   connected   devices.   -l  will  also  list  device

   adb connect host[:port]
          Connect to a device via TCP/IP.  Port 5555 is used by default if
          no port number is specified.

   adb disconnect [host[:port]]
          Disconnect  from  a TCP/IP device.  Port 5555 is used by default
          if no port number is specified.   Using  this  command  with  no
          additional  arguments  will disconnect from all connected TCP/IP

   Device commands
   adb push local... remote
          Copy file/dir to device.

   adb pull [-a] remote [local]
          Copy file/dir from device.  -a means copy timestamp and mode.

   adb sync [-l] [directory]
          Copy host->device only if changed.   -l  means  list  but  don't

   If  directory is not specified, /system, /vendor (if present), /oem (if
   present) and /data partitions will be updated.

   If it is system, vendor, oem or data, only the corresponding  partition
   is updated.

   adb shell [-e escape] [-n] [-T|-t] [-x] [command]
          Run remote shell command (interactive shell if no command given)

   * -e: Choose escape character, or none; default ~

   * -n: Don't read from stdin

   * -T: Disable PTY allocation

   * -t: Force PTY allocation

   * -x: Disable remote exit codes and stdout/stderr separation

   adb emu command
     Run emulator console command

   adb logcat [filter-spec]
     View device log.

   adb forward --list
     List  all  forward socket connections.  The format is a list of lines
     with the following format: serial " " local " " remote ""

   adb forward local remote
     Forward socket connections.

   Forward specs are one of:

   * tcp:port

   * localabstract:unix domain socket name

   * localreserved:unix domain socket name

   * localfilesystem:unix domain socket name

   * dev:character device name

   * jdwp:process pid (remote only)

   adb forward --no-rebind local remote
     Same as "adb forward local remote" but  fails  if  local  is  already

   adb forward --remove local
     Remove a specific forward socket connection.

   adb forward --remove-all
     Remove all forward socket connections.

   adb reverse --list
     List all reverse socket connections from device.

   adb reverse remote local
     Reverse socket connections.

   Reverse specs are one of:

   * tcp:port

   * localabstract:unix domain socket name

   * localreserved:unix domain socket name

   * localfilesystem:unix domain socket name

   adb reverse --no-rebind remote local
     Same  as  'adb  reverse  remote local' but fails if remote is already

   adb reverse --remove remote
     Remove a specific reversed socket connection.

   adb reverse --remove-all
     Remove all reversed socket connections from device.

   adb jdwp
     List PIDs of processes hosting a JDWP transport.

   adb install [-lrtsdg] file
     Push this package file to the device and install it.

   * -l: Forward lock application.

   * -r: Replace existing application.

   * -t: Allow test packages.

   * -s: Install application on sdcard.

   * -d: Allow version code downgrade (debuggable packages only).

   * -g: Grant all runtime permissions.

   adb install-multiple [-lrtsdpg] file...
     Push this package file to the device and install it.

   * -l: Forward lock application.

   * -r: Replace existing application.

   * -t: Allow test packages.

   * -s: Install application on sdcard.

   * -d: Allow version code downgrade (debuggable packages only).

   * -p: Partial application install.

   * -g: Grant all runtime permissions.

   adb uninstall [-k] package
     Remove this app package from the device.  -k means keep the data  and
     cache directories.

   adb bugreport [zipfile]
     Return  all  information from the device that should be included in a
     bug report that should be included in a bug report.

   adb backup [-f file]  [-apk|-noapk]  [-obb|-noobb]  [-shared|-noshared]
   [-all] [-system|-nosystem] [packages...]
     Write  an  archive  of the device's data to file.  If no -f option is
     supplied then the  data  is  written  to  backup.ab  in  the  current

   -apk  |  -noapk  enable/disable  backup  of the .apks themselves in the
   archive; the default is noapk.

   -obb | -noobb enable/disable backup of any installed apk expansion (aka
   .obb) files associated with each application; the default is noobb.

   -shared  |  -noshared  enable/disable  backup  of  the  device's shared
   storage / SD card contents; the default is noshared.

   -all means to back up all installed applications.

   -system | -nosystem toggles whether -all automatically includes  system
   applications; the default is to include system apps.

   packages...  is  the list of applications to be backed up.  If the -all
   or -shared flags  are  passed,  then  the  package  list  is  optional.
   Applications explicitly given on the command line will be included even
   if -nosystem would ordinarily cause them to be omitted.

   adb restore file
          Restore device contents from the file backup archive.

   adb disable-verity
          Disable dm-verity checking on USERDEBUG builds.

   adb enable-verity
          Re-enable dm-verity checking on USERDEBUG builds.

   adb keygen file
          Generate adb public/private key.  The private key is  stored  in
          file,  and  the  public key is stored in  Any existing
          files are overwritten.

   adb help
          Show help message.

   adb version
          Show version number.

   adb wait-for-[-transport]-state
          Wait for device to be in  the  given  state:  device,  recovery,
          sideload,  or  bootloader.   transport  is:  usb,  local  or any
          (default = any)

   adb start-server
          Ensure that there is a server running.

   adb kill-server
          Kill the server if it is running.

   adb get-state
          Prints: offline | bootloader | device

   adb get-serialno
          Prints: serial-number.

   adb get-devpath
          Prints: device-path.

   adb remount
          Remounts the /system, /vendor (if present) and /oem (if present)
          partitions on the device read-write.

   adb reboot [bootloader|recovery]
          Reboots  the  device, optionally into the bootloader or recovery

   adb reboot sideload
          Reboots the device into the sideload mode  in  recovery  program
          (adb root required).

   adb reboot sideload-auto-reboot
          Reboots into the sideload mode, then reboots automatically after
          the sideload regardless of the result.

   adb sideload file
          Sideloads the given package.

   adb root
          Restarts the adbd daemon with root permissions.

   adb unroot
          Restarts the adbd daemon without root permissions.

   adb usb
          Restarts the adbd daemon listening on USB.

   adb tcpip port
          Restarts the adbd daemon listening on TCP on the specified port.

   adb ppp tty [parameters]
          Run PPP over USB.

   parameters: E.g.  defaultroute debug dump local notty usepeerdns

   Note: you should not automatically start a PPP connection.  tty  refers
   to the tty for PPP stream.  E.g.  dev:/dev/omap_csmi_tty1

Internal Debugging

   adb reconnect
          Kick current connection from host side and make it reconnect.

   adb reconnect device
          Kick current connection from device side and make it reconnect.


          Print   debug  information.   A  comma  separated  list  of  the
          following values 1 or all,  adb,  sockets,  packets,  rwx,  usb,
          sync, sysdeps, transport, jdwp

          The serial number to connect to.  -s takes priority over this if

          When used with the logcat option,  only  these  debug  tags  are



   The Android Open Source Project.


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