fsck.minix - check consistency of Minix filesystem


   fsck.minix [options] device


   fsck.minix performs a consistency check for the Linux MINIX filesystem.

   The program assumes the filesystem is quiescent.  fsck.minix should not
   be used on a mounted device unless you can be sure nobody is writing to
   it.   Remember that the kernel can write to device when it searches for

   The device name will usually have the following form:

          /dev/hda[1--63]   IDE disk 1
          /dev/hdb[1--63]   IDE disk 2
          /dev/sda[1--15]   SCSI disk 1
          /dev/sdb[1--15]   SCSI disk 2

   If the filesystem was changed, i.e.,  repaired,  then  fsck.minix  will
   print  "FILE  SYSTEM  HAS  CHANGED" and will sync(2) three times before
   exiting.  There is no need to reboot after check.


   fsck.minix  should  not  be  used  on  a  mounted  filesystem.    Using
   fsck.minix  on  a  mounted  filesystem  is  very  dangerous, due to the
   possibility that deleted files are still  in  use,  and  can  seriously
   damage  a  perfectly  good  filesystem!   If you absolutely have to run
   fsck.minix on a mounted filesystem, such as the root  filesystem,  make
   sure  nothing  is  writing to the disk, and that no files are "zombies"
   waiting for deletion.


   -l, --list
          List all filenames.

   -r, --repair
          Perform interactive repairs.

   -a, --auto
          Perform automatic repairs.  This  option  implies  --repair  and
          serves  to  answer  all of the questions asked with the default.
          Note that this  can  be  extremely  dangerous  in  the  case  of
          extensive filesystem damage.

   -v, --verbose
          Be verbose.

   -s, --super
          Output super-block information.

   -m, --uncleared
          Activate MINIX-like "mode not cleared" warnings.

   -f, --force
          Force  a  filesystem  check even if the filesystem was marked as
          valid.  Marking is done by the kernel  when  the  filesystem  is

   -V, --version
          Display version information and exit.

   -h, --help
          Display help text and exit.


   There  are  numerous  diagnostic messages.  The ones mentioned here are
   the most commonly seen in normal usage.

   If the device does not exist, fsck.minix will  print  "unable  to  read
   super  block".   If  the  device exists, but is not a MINIX filesystem,
   fsck.minix will print "bad magic number in super-block".


   The exit code returned by fsck.minix is the sum of the following:

          0      No errors
          3      Filesystem errors corrected, system should be rebooted if
                 filesystem was mounted
          4      Filesystem errors left uncorrected
          7      Combination of exit codes 3 and 4
          8      Operational error
          16     Usage or syntax error


   Linus Torvalds torvalds@cs.helsinki.fi
   Error code values by Rik Faith faith@cs.unc.edu
   Added support for filesystem valid flag: Dr. Wettstein greg%wind.uucp@
   Check to prevent fsck of mounted filesystem  added  by  Daniel  Quinlan
   Minix  v2  fs  support  by Andreas Schwab schwab@issan.informatik.uni-
   dortmund.de, updated by Nicolai Langfeldt janl@math.uio.no.
   Portability patch by Russell King rmk@ecs.soton.ac.uk.


   fsck(8), fsck.ext2(8), mkfs(8), mkfs.minix(8), mkfs.ext2(8), reboot(8)


   The fsck.minix command  is  part  of  the  util-linux  package  and  is
   available  from  Linux  Kernel  Archive ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux


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