pam_xauth_data − structure containing X authentication data

#include <security/pam_appl.h>

struct pam_xauth_data {
int namelen;
char *name;
int datalen;
char *data;

The pam_xauth_data structure contains X authentication data used to make a connection to an X display. Using this mechanism, an application can communicate X authentication data to PAM service modules. This allows modules to make a connection to the user´s X display in order to label the user´s session on login, display visual feedback or for other purposes.

The name field contains the name of the authentication method, such as "MIT−MAGIC−COOKIE−1". The namelen field contains the length of this string, not including the trailing NUL character.

The data field contains the authentication method−specific data corresponding to the specified name. The datalen field contains its length in bytes.

The X authentication data can be changed with the PAM_XAUTH_DATA item. It can be queried and set with pam_get_item(3) and pam_set_item (3) respectively. The value used to set it should be a pointer to a pam_xauth_data structure. An internal copy of both the structure itself and its fields is made by PAM when setting the item.

(3), pam_get_item(3),

The pam_xauth_data structure and PAM_XAUTH_DATA item are Linux−PAM extensions.


Personal Opportunity - Free software gives you access to billions of dollars of software at no cost. Use this software for your business, personal use or to develop a profitable skill. Access to source code provides access to a level of capabilities/information that companies protect though copyrights. Open source is a core component of the Internet and it is available to you. Leverage the billions of dollars in resources and capabilities to build a career, establish a business or change the world. The potential is endless for those who understand the opportunity.

Business Opportunity - Goldman Sachs, IBM and countless large corporations are leveraging open source to reduce costs, develop products and increase their bottom lines. Learn what these companies know about open source and how open source can give you the advantage.

Free Software

Free Software provides computer programs and capabilities at no cost but more importantly, it provides the freedom to run, edit, contribute to, and share the software. The importance of free software is a matter of access, not price. Software at no cost is a benefit but ownership rights to the software and source code is far more significant.

Free Office Software - The Libre Office suite provides top desktop productivity tools for free. This includes, a word processor, spreadsheet, presentation engine, drawing and flowcharting, database and math applications. Libre Office is available for Linux or Windows.

Free Books

The Free Books Library is a collection of thousands of the most popular public domain books in an online readable format. The collection includes great classical literature and more recent works where the U.S. copyright has expired. These books are yours to read and use without restrictions.

Source Code - Want to change a program or know how it works? Open Source provides the source code for its programs so that anyone can use, modify or learn how to write those programs themselves. Visit the GNU source code repositories to download the source.


Study at Harvard, Stanford or MIT - Open edX provides free online courses from Harvard, MIT, Columbia, UC Berkeley and other top Universities. Hundreds of courses for almost all major subjects and course levels. Open edx also offers some paid courses and selected certifications.

Linux Manual Pages - A man or manual page is a form of software documentation found on Linux/Unix operating systems. Topics covered include computer programs (including library and system calls), formal standards and conventions, and even abstract concepts.